How was pizza invented 3
Who actually invented it, this circular, flat, delicious thing called pizza that has become an integral part of European food culture? An Italian? Dr. Oetker? Or even the Swiss? They finally invented the herb candy.
Neither, if the archaeologists are to be believed. The stone-baked pizza is said not to have its origin in Italy at all, but rather from the same people who claim the invention of the gyros. The Greeks, or at that time the Etruscans, are said to have been around 800 BC in antiquity. He was the first to have a flat cake made of flour, water and salt with ingredients and baked on an open fire on stones. At this time, flatbread is called “pita”, from which the word pizza developed over time.
Around 200 BC The Etruscans occupy Rome and the Italians come into contact with the recipe of the original pizza for the first time. During the Roman campaigns of conquest, the pizza recipe spread over the centuries to the rest of Europe, but sometimes ekes out a shadowy existence, because pizza is more of a simple food for the impoverished peasant population. It is also the poor peasant population that is causing a radical change in pizza. Because around 1520 the first tomatoes from South America found their way to Italy by sea. Due to the red warning color, the tomato has been considered poisonous in Europe for a long time. But in times of need the devil eats flies, and so the impoverished farmers in the area around Naples start out of necessity to top their up to then dry dough cakes with tomatoes. According to legend, the hour of birth of the pizza as we know it today.
While tomatoes are still regarded as an ornamental plant in the rest of Europe, pizza topped with tomatoes is developing into a local specialty in Naples and small pizzerias are springing up in the town. The pizza, however, still has a reputation for being a food for poor people that is not for the elite upper class. In 1889 King Umberto visited Naples with his wife Margharitha. He had heard of this delicious pastry specialty of the poor, but the nobility forbade themselves to dine with the mob in a pizzeria. Raffaele Esposito, a pizza maker from Naples at the time, is commissioned to deliver a pizza to the palace for Her Majesty. Raffaele Esposito covers the pizza in the Italian national colors with tomatoes, mozzarella and basil and gives it the name "Margharitha". The queen is said to have been so enthusiastic that the pizza is declared socially acceptable for the nobility. The royal letter of thanks to pizza maker Raffaele can still be found on the wall in the pizzeria in Naples.
At the beginning of the 20th century, Italian immigrants carried the pizza recipe to Europe and the USA, where it began its culinary triumph. In the 50s and 60s, refrigerators and freezers also found their way into the home. So it is hardly surprising that in 1957 the Italian-American brothers Celantano launched the first frozen pizza in the USA. Pizza is developing into a mass phenomenon and is now popular with young and old. Germany alone eats at least one slice of pizza a week in Germany alone. You can find pizza in the supermarket, at Italians in the corner or in fast food chains like Pizza-Hut. Life without the beloved pizza would no longer be conceivable.
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