What are the worst cities of Maharashtra
India suffers catastrophic drought - farmers commit suicide
Mumbai: The Supreme Court took action. From this May onwards no more Indian Championship IPL cricket games take place in the state of Maharashtra, and therefore not in the most populous city in the country, Mumbai. "Millions of People Suffer", one of the judges explained the decision, which is about as serious for the country as if a German court were to ban football games in Bavaria. The reason: The IPL uses too much water to maintain the lawn on the playing fields.
A catastrophe of the century is looming here
All of South Asia is currently suffering from one of the worst droughts in decades. In Thailand, the state meteorological institute described the current drought as the worst in the past 20 years. 350 trucks are currently on the way to supply the more than 4,000 villages with waterwho hit the worst. The Agriculture Minister of Vietnam called the drought a "catastrophe of the century".
Tankers filled with water roll through the country
But nowhere are the measures as spectacular as in India: this week one is transported Train in50 wagons 2.5 million liters to the city of Latur and the surrounding area.The region's largest reservoir has dried up since February. For a good week now, tankers filled with water have been rolling more than 300 kilometers across the country.
The villages go away empty-handed
For Rajendra Singh, however, both the water trains and the move of the IPL are only placebo. "The big cities get supplies that are not enough. The villages get nothing at all, "says the head of the campaign Jal Jan Jodo, which campaigns for the conservation of water in India. Singh is one of the most prominent fighters for a sustainable water supply in India. For him, the problem is not two or three Years with a weak rainy season, the monsoon. "Actually we have enough water"says the activist. "Hardly anyone caresto save it somewhere. This is a disaster, especially for the rural population and especially the farmers there. "
The Indian farmers no longer see a way out
Already now, around two months before the rainy season, 10 of the 29 states have officially reported water shortages - and this consistently in the majority of the districts they administer. That means Crop failures, dying livestock and large migratory movements to the metropolises of the country. In the past few weeks alone, Indian media reported again Dozens of peasant suicidesdue to the drought.
Just rain is not a long-term solution either
Hope now rests on the rain. Months before this is expected in June, Indian media are already publishing regularly Forecasts for the monsoons - with a currently rather positive outlook. However, experts doubt that India's water problem can be solved with a good rainy season. "We need longer-term solutions"says Philippe Dresrusses, project advisor for the non-governmental organization Welthungerhilfe in India. In fact, the problem is partly homemade. In the past few decades, the country didn't have to have just one sharp increase in population cope with, but also one significant change in agriculture. The switch to monocultures and subsidized pump technology has made irrigation easier in some cases, but it has also often used too much groundwater. The partly politically funded, very water-intensive cultivation of sugar cane has increased consumption especially in states like Maharashtra.
Regional water reservoirs would be a solution
"The communities need to address the problem locally," says water activist Singh. "Large government water projects take too long and are not reliable." For him, the way out of the drought lies in one Way back to the old cultivation culture - away from monocultures towards local water reservoirs on the surface. Dresrüsse from Welthungerhilfe also supports this approach: "There were droughts in Asia before, but since then have mainly been in rural India many structures have been lostwith which the residents secured themselves earlier. We have to change that."
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