What are the best examples of perception

Perception:
What does it mean exactly?

We are talking about sensory impressions that are continuously recorded and converted into information.

The processing of sensory impressions is organized. It encompasses a number of processes and factors.

Example: the typical situation at a family breakfast. My wish: I want to drink a glass of milk. There is a pure confusion of stimuli. Because I see everything, hear everything, feel everything.

Therefore we want to visualize the process in detail.

Recording: I see the bread and the butter and the coffee pot and the plates and the milk bottle and the family members and the dog and the flowers in the vase and the stove ... And I hear the radio and the conversations and the dog's smacking on Feeding trough and the dripping of the tap ... And I feel the sun on my back and the carpet under my feet and the newspaper in my hand ...

Selection: I neglect all the other items on the breakfast table, I put the milk bottle in my eye and put the newspaper away.

Filtering: I can't see the old sideboard in the corner. And I don't hear the clock ticking. And I don't feel the clothes on my body.

Are helpful for the processes Contrasts.

Visually (through sight).
It is easier to distinguish black from white than to perceive different shades of gray.

Auditory (via hearing).
It is easier to distinguish between very high and very low tones (frequency) (pitch). Or low or high volume (sound intensity).

Tactile (by touching, grasping, embracing).
In the tactile area, the change in resistance plays a role.

A maximum change in resistance can be seen better than a minimum change in resistance.

Example: I want to "edit" an apple.

Variant A: I want to cut the apple. On a cutting board.

To do this, I take a knife and run it through the air to the skin of the apple. As soon as the knife hits the outer skin of the apple, I feel a change in resistance. If I cut through the apple completely, if the knife hits the cutting board, the change in resistance is greatest or maximum.

Variant B: I want to peel the apple. To do this, I grab a peeler and run it through the air. If I hit the outer skin of the apple, I also feel a change in resistance. Now I start peeling. But no matter how long I deal with it, the change in resistance always remains the same.

As far as perception is concerned, working with a knife and working with a peeler are fundamentally different:

  • I perceive the cutting of the apple through the (maximum) change in resistance - as soon as the knife hits the cutting board.
  • This change in resistance is missing when peeling - I can only tell visually whether I have peeled long enough.

Perception is always relative.

An example: You are sitting in a rail car - and there are other rail cars on the siding. The relationship between these railcars changes when they suddenly start moving - and you become confused. Because it is not clear to you whether your train is moving or the train next door. The confusion doesn't clear until you can get a look at something you know can't move. For example the station building.

That means: the perception of changes can only be classified if there is a reference.

Interplay of the senses - alternately, with one another and one after the other.

You sit in the room and read (visually). The television is on in the background. A commercial block begins - and you hear the television getting louder (audible).

You turn to the television because you have learned that what you hear can be seen (connection auditory-visual). You operate the volume control because you have learned that what you see can also be touched (connection visual - tactile).

Now you can read on (visually).

Storage - classification and linking with experience.

Example: a melon. Your experience tells you that a melon feels "hard". You will be accordingly surprised if a melon feels "soft" - because contrary to your expectations it is rotten.

That means: you link an experience you have already had with another experience.

Processing capacity.

When you are under stress, your processing capacity is exactly the same as usual. But the organization of processing can change negatively - it can fall apart.

Example: You have to pack a suitcase "quickly" - because you are behind schedule with your travel preparations and you absolutely have to catch a certain train. That is why you put less in your suitcase than if you can take your time and think carefully about how to optimally pack all your items.

Further processes.

The visual, auditory and tactile perception processes described above are important prerequisites for the further cognitive, emotional and social processes:

For example:

  • Form hypotheses
  • to draw conclusions
  • Differentiate important from unimportant
  • can look forward to something
  • Build expectations
  • deal constructively with frustrations
  • Experience anger and keep it within limits
  • Practice tolerance

Ultimately, this results in an ever greater understanding of reality - and a way of dealing with everyday life that is more and more appropriate. With everything that goes with it: going to school, doing a job, shopping and cooking, going on an excursion, etc.

Perception has many aspects.

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