How many seeds does an apple have

Growing an apple tree from seeds - growing from apple kernels

To grow an apple tree from seeds, go to the roots of hobby gardening. Equipped with a long thread of patience and these instructions, you will experience first hand how a majestic fruit tree develops from a tiny apple core. For a successful process, various criteria must be taken to heart, such as the careful choice of seeds, overcoming the sprout inhibition and the well-balanced framework conditions. After reading these lines, the cultivation of apple pits is no longer a book with seven seals.

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Characteristics

  • Rose family (Rosaceae)
  • Name of the genus: Apples (Malus)
  • Dominant species: Cultivated apple (Malus domesticus)
  • Deciduous tree
  • Height in culture from 100 to 1,000 cm, rarely higher
  • White or pink flowers in May
  • Juicy apple fruits from July
  • Nuclear casing with slightly poisonous seeds
  • Dependent on cross-pollination as a result of self-sterility

Of the more than 30,000 apple varieties worldwide, around 1,500 are suitable for cultivation in Germany. However, only a few varieties find their way into the supermarkets, such as Golden Delicious, Elstar, Gala or Cox Orange. Growing an apple tree from seeds opens up a unique option for the interested hobby gardener to open up new paths that go beyond the well-trodden cultivation paths.

Seeds

A successful sowing is always based on the quality of the seed. Therefore, please do not choose a variety of apples from the supermarket at random to remove the seeds. So that the seedlings actually grow and thrive in the bed later, they should come from native apple varieties. You will find what you are looking for in regional direct markets, as here the Fruit growers own apples from their own harvest for sale.

If you live in the catchment area of ​​a fruit juice factory that presses local apples, you have access to the ideal seeds. In the course of pressing, the apple pips go through a process that breaks the sprout inhibition. Just ask for apple pips made from pomace (pressed material). While these seeds represent the perfect starting material for the hobby gardener, they are unusable residues for the juice manufacturer.

Pretreatment

In order to put apple seeds in a germinative mood, you need one Stratification. Specifically, this means one cold stimulus lasting several weeks, simulates winter conditions. This is how easy it is to start the process:

  • Fill fresh apple cores with washed, damp sand or peat moss in a plastic bag
  • Tightly locked for 6 to 8 weeks in the vegetable compartment of the refrigerator deposit
  • Check the seeds regularly for sufficient moisture

If you prefer a nature-loving approach, fill small pots with peat sand and put 1-2 seeds 2-3 cm in each. Then place the vessels on the wintry balcony for 2 months. It is beneficial for germination when the seeds snow in. To prevent the seeds from drowning in the meltwater, please do not use coasters.

tip: The more precisely the sowing is in accordance with the actual seasons, the better the result.

sowing

After the stratification, you will hold apple pips in your hands that are already alive. The first small roots indicate that the inhibition of germination has been overcome. This is how the cultivation from seeds continues:

  • In pots of 10 or 12 over the water drain one Pottery shard or Pebbles put as drainage
  • Fill two thirds of each pot with Potting soil or potting soil emaciated with sand
  • Put a little in the middle with your finger or a wooden stick Pre-drill the planting hole
  • Use a germinating apple core at two to three times the seed strength

Please handle the sprouting seeds very carefully, as the tiny root strands could break off. At the end, press the soil down and pour with a fine effervescence.

tip: The apple seedlings take even more trouble with rooting if there is a thin layer of ripe compost under the growing substrate. In order to get to the coveted nutrients, the root strands quickly grow in length.

Disinfect the seed soil

Unwanted additions such as viruses, fungal spores or bacteria can lurk in any substrate and nip all hopes of healthy, vital apple seedlings in the bud. To avoid the risk of infection, we recommend disinfecting the Seed soil. To do this, fill the substrate in a fireproof bowl and spray it with water. Put the lid on loosely without closing the jar. Then set up the oven 150 degrees top and bottom heat and slide the bowl in. To 20 to 30 minutes all impurities are removed. It is even faster in the microwave within 5 minutes at 700 to 800 watts.

Care until planting in the bed

Set up the nursery pots with the germinating apple seeds on the bright, warm window seat. Although the sun's rays are desirable and beneficial, shading should take place in the blazing midday sun. Normal room temperatures offer the seedlings sufficient warmth for further growth. Please keep the substrate slightly moist at all times. Since apple trees prefer neutral soil acidity in every phase of their life, we recommend switching between normal tap water and collected, filtered rainwater. Your pupils will not receive any fertilizer at this time. If the nutrients are delivered to them right in front of the root tips, the motivation to develop a strong root system is lost.

Toughen up

An apple tree grown from seed only learns that warm, sheltered conditions know behind glass. So that the fruit trees can cope with the hardships outdoors, we recommend one in advance of planting Hardening. To do this, place the bucket on one for 2 to 3 weeks partially shaded location on the balcony or in the garden. In this way, a malus can gradually be transferred to the get used to full sun. If you have decided on spring planting, bring the young plants into the house overnight if there is a risk of late frosts in the ground.

Solitary apple trees do not bear fruit

One of the typical characteristics of apple trees is that they are self-sterile. This attribute implies that there must be at least one other apple tree of a different variety nearby for fruiting to occur. You can choose to use the seeds of different apple varieties as seeds or you can add a suitable pollinator variety from the nursery to your grown specimen. The latter has a convincing advantage: the result of sowing apple seeds cannot be precisely predicted. Which properties of the parent and grandparent plants will ultimately prevail in the young plant remains hidden from you until the first flowering. Since not all apple varieties are compatible with each other, choose the optimal pollinator variety from the nursery's range as soon as the breeding result becomes apparent.

frequently asked Questions

Which native apple varieties are recommended for growing from seeds?

If you keep an eye out for tried and tested classics, you will significantly reduce the risk of failure. Recommended summer apples are Weißer Klarapfel, Schöner aus Barth or Astramel. In this respect Holsteiner Cox stand out among the autumn apples, fame from Kirchwerder and Alkmene. If you prefer the winter apples with a long storage time, focus on delicacies such as Kaiser Wilhelm and Landsberger Renette.

When is a young apple tree cut?

Winter hardiness is not fully developed up to the age of five. Until then, cut your self-grown apple tree at the end of February at the earliest. Otherwise the young tree is threatened by a total failure if it comes to late heavy frosts.

When is the planting time for an apple tree?

Control the cultivation of an apple tree so that it is ready for planting in the bed in autumn. At this time of year the ground is warmed up deeply with temperatures between 17 and 22 degrees Celsius. Under these ideal conditions, the young roots spread quickly, in good time before winter. Alternatively, put the fruit tree in the ground in spring.